London 2012 is the first Olympics where women will compete in all 26 sports on offer(although still in 30 fewer events in total), and Fifa is just one of several international bodies to relax clothing rules and so allow more Muslim women to compete in the Games.
What female athletes wear should get less attention than it does, but for many women who want to cover up, sports clothing can be a barrier to competition. The capster, a hood-style hijab that was created by Dutch designer Cindy van den Bremen, who started working on the design back in 1999 after cases of girls being excluded from PE lessons for wearing the hijab. It is designs such as this, she says, that have addressed health-and-safety concerns and allowed bans to be overturned.
It’s not just the practicality of the design, but the image it portrays that helps. “Traditional scarves stick out in sport and are not made from appropriate materials. Because the new styles look sporty, the wearer is not highlighted as different in the same way.”
The importance of hijab-wearing athletes as role models should inspire many Muslim women and girls. Rimla Akhtar from the Muslim Women in Sport Foundation said there were other barriers than dress holding women back, but it was important for women to have a choice: “A way has been found of combining women’s passion for sport with their passion for their faith and the sports hijab will certainly aid women’s participation in sport at all levels.”
A 16 minutes black and white film directed by Laszlo Moholy-Nagy. The film examines the redesign of various exhibits at the London Zoo. The film was produced for the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and the Zoological Society of London, England.
Edward Curtis is a twentieth century photographer best known for his work photographing Native Americans during the period of 1907-1930. He was dedicated to photographing the Natives as he perceived them to be a dying race and was intent on capturing and documenting their culture before they became extinct.
As great, and as beautiful as his work is, it is not without controversy because his ‘dedication’ to documenting the Native Americans was not as authentic as he would have liked us to believe.
‘He presented his subjects in a traditional way whenever possible and even supplied a bit of the proper clothing when his subjects had none. Re-enactments of battles, moving camp, ceremonies and other past activities were also photographed.’ American Masters PBS April 2001
By doing this Curtis was dismissing their culture and replacing it with a myth that his suited ideology and vision, often manipulating his photographs. He did so by removing all traces of modernity and all elements of westernization to conjure the sense of ‘traditional’ identity. It was for these reasons why he was criticized by Ethnographers.
- Women perform 66% of the world’s work, but receive only 11% of the world’s income, and own only 1% of the world’s land.
- Women make up 66% of the world’s illiterate adults.
- Women head 83% of single-parent families. The number of families nurtured by women alone doubled from 1970 to 1995 (from 5.6 million to 12.2 million).
- Women account for 55% of all college students, but even when women have equal years of education it does not translate into economic opportunities or political power.
- There are six million more women than men in the world.
- Two-thirds of the world’s children who receive less than four years of education are girls. Girls represent nearly 60% of the children not in school.
- Parents in countries such as China and India sometimes use sex determination tests to find out if their fetus is a girl. Of 8,000 fetuses aborted at a Bombay clinic, 7,999 were female.
- Wars today affect civilians most, since they are civil wars, guerrilla actions and ethnic disputes over territory or government. 3 out of 4 fatalities of war are women and children.
- Rape is consciously used as a tool of genocide and weapon of war. Tens of thousands of women and girls have been subjected to rape and other sexual violence since the crisis erupted in Darfur in 2003. There is no evidence of anyone being convicted in Darfur for these atrocities.
- About 75% of the refugees and internally displaced in the world are women who have lost their families and their homes.
- Gender-based violence kills one in three women across the world and is the biggest cause of injury and death to women worldwide, causing more deaths and disability among women aged 15 to 44 than cancer, malaria, traffic accident, and war.
Living Books are people just like you and me and for different reasons they are subjected to stereotyping and prejudices. They are open about who they are and prepared to share their experiences. A Living Book is a person who has chosen to be a public representative of a certain group.
Living Books can be found in the Toronto Public Library. The library lets us check out humans as well as books.The idea is a way to break down prejudice by bringing people of different backgrounds together for one-on-one conversation.
Design your own custom printed fabric. Spoonflower is not only a business it is also a community. “Now numbers around 150,000 individuals who use their own fabric to make curtains, quilts, clothes, bags, furniture, dolls, pillows, framed artwork, costumes, banners and much, much more. The Spoonflower marketplace offers the largest collection of independent fabric designers in the world.
Sovvrapensiero and OniricaLab’s latest workshop is a study about the human body and the relation between humanity and materiality. The human body was transformed, dismembered, and elaborated to create a process that generates a displacement of the usual point of view and the formulation of collateral thoughts about arguments mostly forgotten.
David Malouf about the convergence and divergence in the interaction design as a community of practice.
“The divergence is happening along the lines of the gravitational interests from where interaction design was born or where the slippery slope of our primary interest takes us. The divergence is also because the level of complexity of our problem sets have grown so vast that no single group can or should keep track of all of it. We have split basically along our primary lines of interest: Engineering, Individuals (psychology), Culture (anthropology) and Art.”
“Our challenge is not necessarily to re-converge but to figure out how to interweave—respecting the contexts that have reinforced this separation and learning how to collaborate and cooperate when the opportunity presents itself.”